According to Ministry of Labour and Empl LIVELIHOOD ACTIVITIES AND SKILLS IN RURAL AREAS OF THE ZAMBEZI REGION, NAMIBIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY AND POVERTY REDUCTION Kamwi JM1*, Chirwa PWC 2, Graz FP 3,4, Manda SOM 5,6, Mosimane AW 7 and C Kätsch2,8 Jonathan Mutau Kamwi *Corresponding author E-mail address: mutauk@yahoo.co.uk 1Namibia University of Science and Technology, Department of … Abstract. 3. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. Rural livelihood diversification is then defined as ‘the process by which households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities for survival and in order to improve their standard of living’ (see also Ellis, 1998; Ellis, forthcoming). 3 Types of Cooking Methods and the Foods That Love Them . As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. ), maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base”. Urban Livelihood Diversification. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. Annexure III: Summary of Sample Villages 4. LIST OF LIVELIHOOD PROJECTS (STATUS) BOTTOM-UP BUDGETING (BUB) FY 2013 NO NAME OF PROJECT NAME OF LGU TOTAL AMOUNT PROPOSED TO NGA PROJECT STATUS 1 DOLE/Support to Livelihood & Employment LAPU-LAPU CITY (OPON) 600,000.00 2 Support to Livelihood and Employment LAPU-LAPU CITY (OPON) 1,250,000.00 completed 3 Livelihood and Emergency Employment Program … LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES OF DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF HOUSEHOLDS IN RURAL AREAS OF ABBOTTABAD, PAKISTAN MUJIB URREHMAN*, JEHANZEB** and MUBINA F. RANA*** * Development Studies, COMSATS Institute, Abbotabad– Pakistan ** Department of Economics, University of Peshawar, Peshawar – Pakistan *** Health Services Academy, Islamabad – Pakistan ABSTRACT The study was … Annexure IV: Crop acreage and Irrigation Profile of Sample Villages 5. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. 1 3 5 2 4 The Sustainable Livelihood Program shall operate through five major stages: PROJECT* DEVELOPMENT PROJECT* IMPLEMENTATION ENHANCED IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS. Some policy inferences are summarised. IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN HIV/AIDS 19 4.1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livelihood and Food Security 19 4.2 The Impact of Livelihood and Food Security on HIV/AIDS 20 5. g3~|�YƟP3^��s{�iF���H�qƟ�9�:�M��<5W��Af�N���������3ƍ�$�A����Xe�g���W�BDg���Y�n@ CPHP Livelihood Analysis 3 List of Annexures 1. Those demands for natural resources, such as wood, can cause environmental changes; non sustainable land-use management and exploitationinduce forest degradationand loss of biodiversity (Uniyal and Singh 2011, Brown and Pearce 1994). Livelihoods. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> %��������� 3.1 The sustainable livelihoods framework. Download as PDF. Livelihood definition is - means of support or subsistence. A livelihood is sustainable when it enables people to cope with and recover from shocks and stresses (such as natural disasters and economic or social upheavals) and enhance their well-being and that of future generations without undermining the natural environment or resource base. Type of Social Institutions 7. Here, we (1) characterized types of livelihood strategies; (2) determined how different capital assets are associated with different livelihood strategies; and (3) determined how livelihood strategies differed in food … The focus is on the needs and priorities as identified by the affected po… war) and natural disasters (i.e. The fundamental principles of livelihoods programming are that it is people-centred, multilevel, dynamic, and ultimately aims to achieve sustainable livelihoods4. Expenditure Heads . How to use livelihood in a sentence. They effectively determine access (to various types of capital, to livelihood strategies and to decision-making bodies and source of influence), terms of exchange between different types of capitals, and returns to any given livelihood strategy (DFID, 2000). Skill Development - Livelihood & Community Development While India has large young population, only 5% of the Indian labour force in the age group of 20-24 years has obtained vocational skills through formal means. Livelihood resources or assets 3. Annexure II: Map of Rayagada Block 3. Find out more. 15 % SIMILARITY INDEX 9% INTERNET SOURCES 10% PUBLICATIONS 4% STUDENT PAPERS 1 4% 2 4% 3 2% 4 2% 5 2% 6 2% nce_towards_Sustainable_Livelihood_in_Coastal_Areas_of_… ORIGINALITY REPORT PRIMARY … �u�˿SQ��D�wﹹA]�T��ۡ��:K7" q�����wr�+P�P�pW'ߥy�� g��$Q�G��@���&զk��1V-L��s,kb��@��`~�)v]�||��ܕ. About this page. stream Box 3 - Vulnerability context (illustrative examples) Weather-related shocks and natural calamities: drought, earthquakes, hurricanes, tidal waves, floods, heavy snow, early frost, extreme heat or cold waves. So let’s get down to it! 3 Introduction to the livelihoods framework The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. “Livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social) and activities required for a means of living. Livelihood outcomes or goals All these types of information are components of the livelihoods framework. x�X�n#U}ﯸ���s�%������M4H� �?�T�n;�{b��%����~��w�'sg,��[��5�_�_̟�����\�'��k����rn'�;Y~J���2�p�h���+sC��fz�:}R��9(���4�͕h����>������e�7S�S������˿��������(�J-Ѻ,Wȇ�_ߚ�?�r�����lҢs%sT�mp���] ��*&�%:����☜Mp���S���\p���oSI���$DU��E|�1���S�@�a_0��yښ�H�3'C�w�˺���u/;�d�oĢoSl��� t�K��ϐ��]�v�������"��0����r��zF� �3����0�54l �cs��}�o�o ��~��M�n@Jyyh&��o�� v3A"3��i�@cL$9U���*�É��h���N���;?H�Qǽ�ɧK�{Z��F Documents available: Francis Owusu, in International Encyclopedia of Human Geography (Second Edition), 2020. Livelihood strategies 5. Opinion Leaders 8. Download as PDF. The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. Sources of Irrigation 9. water, tourism). Livelihood diversification has also been observed in urban areas. income generating activities / refugee / livelihood / market economy / rapid assessment / sustainable develop-ment / Costa Rica / Egypt / South Africa / Zambia 13.01.3 Dry-heat methods, with or without fat. LIVELIHOOD INTERVENTIONS The livelihood interventions covered i Some focus on specific types of application of SL approaches (e.g. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. Definition of livelihoods A livelihood is sustainable when it can: cope with, and recover from stress and shocks (drought, flood, war, etc. Strategies may include subsistence production or production for the market, participation in labour marketsor l… Annexure V: Crop Calendar 6. Set alert. In most cases, these programs target victims of man-made emergencies (i.e. One of the most important aspects of cooking delicious food is understanding the strategies for matching specific types of meats, seafood, and vegetables with the correct cooking methods. About this page. 3 Abstract Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. Policies, institutions and processes 4. a�pؖ H H����֙��Bh1�B�&ugr�\H�Y��x_?�a Kxq�q+�_�����[����Q[���q�'���;���ؕi �`��Q���G���*� S7SwM�)�WZ�'!����/�0�2F@����@;WLɎ�#��H��y��cJ�,�L�����Z�Ə���p��|�7�w�Xy�8��O���Y��+�����n! %PDF-1.3 project design, impact assessment) and some on their application to specific sectors (e.g. Set alert. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach 3 Vulnerability Context Vulnerability is characterized as insecurity in the well-being of individuals, households, and communities in the face of changes in their external environment. PDF | On Jan 1, 2001, A. Niehof and others published Rural livelihood systems : A conceptual framework | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Annexure I: Investigative Team for Livelihood Analysis 2. The full series so far is: 127: Sustainable Livelihoods and Project Design in India, Cathryn Turton. 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Livelihoods. The livelihoods framework provides a tool for analysing people's livelihoods and the impact of specific threats or shocks on livelihood vulnerability. 3.3 System of Livelihood strategies ... whereas in developed countries only 3 % of the wealth is provided by natural resources. Cooking methods can be grouped into three categories: 1. Akey feature of livelihoods analysis is that it includes an analysis of household assets, strategies, priorities and goals at micro-level, and the policies, institutions and processes that affect livelihoods at national and international level (macro-level). �- ����A@�l�[тj�Q�j���Kj. People move in and out of poverty and the concept of vulner-ability captures the processes of change better than poverty line measurements. � V,���a����t6@��K� U�Qiz��t�� ��z��U,��&_Kclj�軚f̣�kbe����Os����H4�G��0gI�:X`��[���� nZv5��L��Pe�e��+�8�L�]�SI�ج,��Z��#����$�c��5i�eW�`ca��,59�4u In 1960 with 3 billion population over the World, per capita land was 0.5 ha but presently, with 6 billion people it is only 0.25 ha and by 2050, it will reach at 0.16 ha. VnG���$ގH. livelihood interventions that will promote partici-pants’ economic independence. livelihoods being carried out by the Institute of Development Studies and the Poverty Research Unit at the University of Sussex, in collaboration with the International Institute for Environment and Development. For rural people, agriculture and other natural resource-based activities may play an important role, but rural households also diversify into other activities, some of which are linked to agriculture and the natural resources sector, others which are not. We will now consider each one of these components. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. Policies, institutions and processes have a direct impact upon weather people are able to achieve a feeling of inclusion and well-being. Course: Livelihoods Assessment and Analysis Lesson 1: Introduction to Livelihoods - Learner’s Notes Learner Notes 4 1. Households combine capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes. �T��=H!��"�)fғ�s�I^��&��� �Z>,Q��!&� 7��#`����8��a�J�=U�ߋq�����yΆ�6!o��F"���7i8�K#B��ٱ� ���fi.? F. Owusu, in International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 2009. The livelihoods principles and framework form the basis of all livelihoods programming. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood … The tools and approaches referred to in this chapter are provided in greater depth at the end of this fi eld manual in the Tools and Approaches section, and are meant to accompany the recommended steps provided in each of the intervention chapters. The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. 4 0 obj Asecond key feature is that it is participatory. hurricanes, earthquakes) in addition to vulnerable populations. ;H�;�jg����|�����;wj�s�G+��d��r 'v�D�?���eNvĔ�*��0���L�*��8�.=^;3�xiD\!�.�G"�HZ 9�����BZ�C[�@��4;����eD����r�� �7��=�ۣ/Q>]�(�˕*�hɶ7a���d�P�bīC S ^�����8��^��ll���-J��ޘ_��읍�px��a�����x�a�@g}�C�]�W��6�7���|�����!O�R��D|'O�s5 LIVELIHOOD INTERVENTIONS 22 5.1 … ISBN: 9789221308133; 9789221308140 (web pdf) International Labour Office; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Contemporary livelihood studies represent a shift away from the structural perspectives of the 1970s that presented poor people as passive victims of structural forces. Short-term food security programs are usually one of two types: emergency programs, which provide food aid and medical and agricultural supplies to victims and refugees; and safety net programs,which distribute basic food and food supplements to vulnerable pop… 128: The Impacts of Tourism on Rural Livelihoods: Namibia’s Experience, Caroline Ashley. These programs provide food for those who are highly food insecure. 3. the context within which a livelihood is developed 4. and those factors that make a livelihood more or less vulnerable to shocks and stresses Livelihood assets: Assets may be tangible, such as food stores and cash savings, as well as trees, land, livestock, tools, and other resources. File name: nce_towards_Sustainable_Livelihood_in_Coastal_Areas_of_Medan.pdf (344.01K) Word count: 3935 Character count: 23061.

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