Another early ascent was in 1774 by John Williams, who provided the … James Roberston, a botanist from Edinburgh, was the first person to climb to the top of Ben Nevis. Snow lies in some parts all Its summit, reaching an elevation of 4,406 feet (1,343 metres), is a plateau of about 100 acres (40 hectares), with a slight slope to the south and a sheer face to the northeast. Ben Nevis History. Ben Nevis Geography Ben Nevis forms a massif with its neighbour to the north-east, Carn Mòr Dearg (1,223m), to which it is linked by the Carn Mòr Dearg Arête. Ben Nevis Visitor Centre » Geology of the Glen. It’s peak is the collapsed dome of the volcano that imploded millions of years ago. Snow can be found on the mountain nearly all throughout the year. The liquid granite magma was originally forced up into (intruded) the surrounding rocks deep beneath an active volcano about 350 million years ago. Two huge magma chambers developed in the Glen Nevis area, one in the Mamores and another formed directly beaneath what is now the summit of Ben Nevis. He did this on 17th August 1771. Both mountains are among the nine in the UK over 4,000 feet (1,200 m), as are Aonach Mòr and Aonach Beag (1,234m) immediately to the east; the other five are all in the Cairngorms. There are 6 main stopping points along a ‘geo trail’ that help to explain the forces that have shaped the glen we see today: glacial features that will fascinate even the novice geologist. Geologist Noel Williams describes the unusual geology of Ben Nevis. Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in the British Isles. This, and many other Scottish peaks, are made of granite, a rock that resists erosion well. The heat and pressure baked the surrounding crustal rocks into schists and domed them up. The large rock fragments which cover the ground on the upper part of the mountain are all made of these grey volcanic lavas. Remains of these lavas can be seen forming the upper half of Ben Nevis. A History… The first recorded ascent of Ben Nevis was made on 17 August 1771 by James Robertson, an Edinburgh botanist, who was in the region to collect botanical specimens. Volcanic eruptions, in this area, added layers of lavas on top. These form the Ben Nevis central ring complex (Strachan et al., 2002). The mountain was formed when the roof of a huge volcanic caldera collapsed. Around 400 million years ago, the rocks that form the area around Ben Nevis were part of a chamber of molten rock in the upper layers of earth’s crust. Ben Nevis, in the Western Highlands, is Britain’s highest mountain. Ben Nevis was formed approximately 350 million years ago when a volcano collapsed.See the related Wikipedia link listed below for more information: Andy Murray failed to produce his best tennis and fell at the last hurdle losing the US Open final to former world number 1 Roger Federer 6-2, 7-5, 6-2. 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