Life Cycle. Unlike the edible pea, there is evidence that seeds of members of the genus Lathyrus are toxic if ingested in quantity. Native Status: Introduced. Glycine max. Value Class Food Cover; Pea is a quick growing, an annual herbaceous vine which requires the trellis to support its growth. Hoffmannseggia glauca. The plants are also available later in the season, as young plants or plugs. The Plant List: See: Taxonomic note below on … sativum var. Fabaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory) Fabaceae: sub-family Faboideae (New South Wales) Leguminosae (South Australia) Papilionaceae (Western Australia) Other Common Names: english pea field pea green pea Fact Sheet. More recently, the association between the sweet pea, the Eckfords and Wem has been highlighted again. Sun required full sun to partial shade. Another problem is mildew; this is a white powdery coating that covers the leaves and slows down growth. Enjoy the early summer crop and consider planting a crop in mid-summer for fall. and Iyer, C.G. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sweet_pea&oldid=990891979, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 03:09. There is also a cultivar 'Dorothy Eckford', named after a family member. Experimental studies in the physiology of heredity. Indigofera hirsuta. This repeat bloomer provides continuous accent color. Lathyrus hirsutus. and Punnett, R.C. : Sweet Pea, Tangier Pea, Everlasting Pea, Caley Pea, Singletary Pea Leucothoe axillaris and Leucothoe davisiae: Drooping Leucothoe, Sierra Laurel Linum usitatissimum: Flax [7], Gregor Mendel is today recognized as the "Father of Modern Genetics" for his work with the cross breeding of pea plants (Pisum sativum) with different characteristics, and sweet pea has been used in a similar way. They are grown up canes, with the new shoots being regularly pinched out to promote a bushy habit and higher flower yields. Identification Notes. Bush varieties can be planted in containers. Singletary Pea, Caley Pea, Pea,Singletary: Scientific Name: Lathyrus hirsutus: Family: Fabaceae: Longevity: Annual: Season: Cool: Origin: Introduced: Height: Vine: Flowers: May: Description: A vine-like legume with flattened leaves and stems. Jan 12,2021 - What is scientific name of PEA ? [6] The main effect is thought to be on the formation of collagen. He later passed the seeds onto a botanist at the medical school in Amsterdam who later published a paper on sweet peas, including the first botanical illustration. Mosaic virus is spread by greenfly, causing yellowing of leaves, distortion of new shoots, and inhibited flowering. They are grown for their flower colour (usually in pastel shades of blue, pink, purple and white, including bi-colours), and for their intense unique fragrance. Snap Peas. Description of Values. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Rank ... Sweet Water Press. Lathyrus latifolius - Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea. [5], In studies of rats, animals fed a diet of 50% sweet pea seeds developed enlarged adrenals relative to control animals fed on edible peas. They are larger and very variable in color in the many cultivars. Sweet Pea Flower Meaning Good-bye, departure, blissful pleasure, thank you for a lovely time. The leaves are pinnate with 2 leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the plant to climb. [8] Complementary factor inheritance was also elucidated in sweet peas, from the cross of two pure-breeding white strains which gave rise to a blue hybrid, the blue colour requiring two genes derived independently from the two white parents. Sweet peas (Lathyrus odoratus) reside in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae of legumes. If your soil is acidic, keep the soil evenly moist for good germination and growth. Dense growth to 23 feet high and wide. Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea - Lathyrus latifolius. Packet: 50 seeds. | EduRev Class 10 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 285 Class 10 Students. Common Name: Forage Pea Scientific Name: Pisum sativum Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. It is highly suitable as a genetic subject because of its ability to self-pollinate and its easily observed Mendelian traits such as colour, height and petal form. Nick the seeds with a nail file and soak them overnight in warm water to hasten germination. Lathyrus odoratus is an annual, climbing plant, growing up 6.7 feet (2 m) tall, where suitable support is available. The large, pea-shaped seeds are sown in cold frames in Spring or Autumn. Plant once your ground has dried out, spacing the seeds 6 inches (15 cm) apart. Recent experiments have attempted to develop this chemical as a treatment to avoid disfiguring skin contractions after skin grafting. The sweet pea is also susceptible to ethylene in quantities produced by senescing plants. A striking flower, its dark red petals are certain to catch the attention of anyone who … Green pea. The flowers are purple and up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide in the wild plant. (1959). In 1870 he went to work for one Dr. Sankey of Sandywell near Gloucester. [9], Like the blue rose, the yellow sweet pea remains elusive. The annual species, L. odoratus, may be confused with the everlasting pea, L. latifolius, a perennial.[2]. Centrosema pubescens Benth. Basic Sweet Pea Flower Information Common Names Sweet Pea Scientific Name Genus species Lathyrus odoratus Family Fabaceae History With more than 260 varieties in cultivation, sweet peas come in a broad color range, including white, purple, pink, lavender and red. 72–96". Scientific Name: Lathyrus latifolius L. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) - Pea or Bean Family. Inch-long, rounded leaves are gray-green. Note for bright green pod encasing round light green color edible peas. See List of AGM sweet peas. Common Name: Winter Austrian Pea Scientific Name: Pisum sativum L. ssp. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. No serious insect or disease problems Slugs and snails are attracted to young plants. Since Sweet Peas are a Legume, they need little additional fertilizer. Symptoms are similar to those of scurvy and copper deficiency, which share the common feature of inhibiting proper formation of collagen fibrils. Sweet Peas are best sown in a full to part sun location directly in the ground on well-drained, compost amended soil in spring. In the late 1980s, the Sweet Pea Society of Wem started an annual show. Plant Guide. A member of the Royal Horticultural Society, he was awarded a First Class Certificate (the top award) in 1882 for introducing the sweet pea cultivar 'Bronze Prince', marking the start of association with the flower. Common name Sweet peas. Plant Details South African native grown for colorful, asymmetrical flowers that look somewhat like sweet peas (Lathyrus). Lathyrus odoratus is an annual climbing plant that grows up 6.7 feet (2 m) tall where suitable support is available. Cyamopsis tetragonoloba. It was derived from the Geek word “lathyros” which means pulse or pea. Dasler, W. (1954). Family: Fabaceae A pest called the pollen beetle which is small, shiny and black, eats the pollen and disfigures the flowers. Common name i: Sweet pea: Synonym i-Other names i ›Lathyrus odoratus L. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … everlasting peavine, sweet pea, broad-leaved everlasting-pea, everlasting pea. Vine to 6 feet long with winged stems, petioles, and peduncles which uses petiole-terminating tendrils to climb. The seeds benefit from pre-soaking or chipping with a sharp blade. Genus: Lathyrus. Linkage in the sweet pea (. It is an annual climbing plant, growing to a height of 1-2 m where suitable support is available. [3] Eckford was presented with the RHS Victoria Medal of Honour for his work. Description / Shipment / Storage / Risk factors Scientific Name and Introduction. Data Source and Documentation ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Lathyrus L. – pea Species: Lathyrus cicera L. – red pea Subordinate Taxa. Birmingham. • Attracts hummingbirds. These sweet-flavored peas are delicious raw or cooked. Scottish nurseryman Henry Eckford (1823–1905) cross-bred and developed the sweet pea, turning it from a rather insignificant if sweetly scented flower into a floral sensation of the late Victorian era. Flower … Scientific name: Pisum sativum. Garden Pea in Spanish can be different from Garden Pea in English. The two words in the flower’s scientific name, “ Lathyrus odoratus,” mean “fragrant” and also “very attractive.” That meaning makes a lot of sense! They have the tenderness and fleshy pod qualities of young beans with the flavor of peas. is an accepted name. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow. While all members of the genus Lathyrus [ Lathyrus sativus (Chickling pea), L. odoratus (sweet pea), L. latifolius (Perennial sweet pea), L. sylvestris (flat pea), L. hirsutus (Rough Pea) ] are considered toxic, the effects of the toxins tend to be more cumulative than immediate. Scientific name Lathyrus odoratus. In cold areas, to get an earlier flowering crop, consider starting Sweet Pea seeds indoors in pots 4 to 6 weeks before your last frost date. Lathyrism versus odoratism. Sweet pea is a native of the China family of Pulses. Butterfly pea is a English common name shared by both species. (1923). Copyright © 2013-2021 World of Flowering Plants. Family: Fabaceae - Pea family. There are ongoing attempts to bring the yellow color into Lathyrus odoratus by crossing it with Lathyrus belinensis. Petite Butterflies is a compact variety with very dense foliage that will grow to about three to four feet high and wide. A related species, Lathyrus sativus, is grown for human consumption but when it forms a major part of the diet it causes symptoms of toxicity called lathyrism. The leaves are pinnate with two leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the plant to climb. Genus Common Name: Pea. Plants typically reach heights of 1-2m, with the flowers appearing in midsummer and continuing for many weeks if regularly deadheaded. In the wild plant the flowers are purple, 2–3.5 centimetres (0.79–1.38 in) broad; they are larger and very variable in colour in the many cultivars. The sweet pea plant does suffer from some pests, the most common being aphids. macrocarpon Interesting and common names: mangetout (French for "eat all"), sugar snaps, sweet peas, sugar pops, sugar daddies Plant Family: Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) includes beans, other peas, lentils EarthDance Variety: ‘Sugar Snap’ Other varieties for Missouri growers: ‘Sugar Ann, ‘Super Sugar Snap’ Sweet Peas; Talinum; Tithonia (Mexican Sunflower) Tulips; Verbena; Viola (Pansy) Wildflower Mixes; Yarrow; Zinnias Because of this, growers are encouraged to plant sweet peas away from fruit trees among other plants prone to early dieback or senescence. The first written record of the sweet pea appeared in 1695 in the writings of Francisco Cupani. Other pests include caterpillars, thrips, slugs and snails. It was used by Punnett in early studies of genetic linkage. It produces masses of vibrant purple and magenta flowers throughout the year. Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Crotalaria spp. Climbs up to three feet on grass and other vegetation. The leaves are pinnate with two leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the sweet pea to climb. See more at How to Grow and Care for Sweet Peas. Snap Peas Scientific Name: Pisum sativum var. They do grow best on a neutral pH soil, so add some lime. His initial success and recognition came while serving as head gardener for the Earl of Radnor, raising new cultivars of pelargoniums and dahlias. (1906). Air Warden. It is grown as an annual plant, so it has no USDA hardiness zone. It is an annual climbing plant, growing to a height of 1–2 metres (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in), where suitable support is available. In the wild plant the flowers are purple, up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide. Journal of Nutrition 53: 105-13. Sweet Pea (Lathyrus odoratus) is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to the eastern Mediterranean region from Sicily east to Crete. Genus name comes from the Greek word lathyros for pea or pulse. Kummerowia striata. “Odoratus” on the other hand is … Many genetic principles were discovered or confirmed in this species. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. Observations of odoratism (sweet pea lathyrism) in the rat. Stems. By 1901, he had introduced a total of 115 of the 264 cultivars grown at the time. The sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Islands. Overview of sweet pea plants. 400 seeds/oz. Punnett, R.C. Lathyrus spp. Polygalas are wonderful flowering evergreen shrubs from South Africa that are just beginning to get the attention they deserve. Many of the street signs now carry a sweet-pea motif, and an area of the town is known as Eckford Park. Sweetpea The scientific name of sweetpea flower is Lathyrus Odoratus. Additional potential pests include aphids, pea moth and mites. Plant type Flowering plant. Native to Sicily, Cyprus, southern Italy, and the Aegean Islands. Several new sweet pea cultivars have been created as a result, though not any with the yellow flower color so far. NOTE: Spencer Series sweet peas are known as late-flowering because they require at least 12 hours of daylight, unlike more modern sweet pea varieties bred for winter production, which may require only 10–11 hours of daylight. arvense Lathyrus aphaca. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. All rights reserved. Scientific name i: Lathyrus odoratus: Taxonomy navigation › Lathyrus. Lathyrus odoratus. The plant was categorized by Linnaeus and was done in accordance with its branch nodules that bind nitrogen from the air. The sweet pea is thus a model organism being used in early experimentations in genetics, particularly by the pioneer geneticist Reginald Punnett. Ht. Terminal (leaf) node. introduced perennial, reproducing by seed and rooting stems. Bateson, W., Saunders, E.R. Seeds of the sweet pea contain beta-aminopropionitrile that prevents the cross-linking of collagen by inhibiting lysyl oxidase and thus the formation of allysine, leading to loose skin. Scientific Name: Lathyrus odoratus: Common Name: Sweet Pea: Height: 5-8 feet: Spread: 1-2 feet: Bloom time: Spring, Summer: Flower color: Various: Light Exposure: In 1888 he set up his development and trial fields for sweet peas in Wem in Shropshire. Common Name: Sweet Clover Scientific Name: Melilotus spp. They are grown by gardeners for private enjoyment or for exhibition, and in the floristry trade. The scientific name of Garden Pea is the botanical name or formal name. Subfamily: Faboideae These insects suck the sap out of the plants, reducing growth. Pukinggan is a common name shared by (1) Centrosema pubescens, butterfly pea; and (2) Clitorea ternatea, blue pea vine. [4], Over 50 cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. He died in 1906, but his work was continued for a time by his son John Eckford. Tribe: Vicieae Sweet Peas may dry up and die in mid-summer in warmer areas. Flowers are usually strongly scented. The sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Islands.[1]. [10], Species of flowering plant in the pea and bean family Fabaceae. They are native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Island. Additional common names for this species include perennial pea and wild sweet pea. Common Name(s): sweet pea [English] vetchling [English] peavine [English] pea [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Global Species Completeness: partial : Latest Record Review: 2011 They are larger and very variable in color in the many cultivars. Avg. Problems. Specific epithet means broad-leaved. Kummerowia stipulacea. Some of the common names include English peas, spring peas, sweet peas, garden peas, pease,, etc. Plant climbing Sweet Peas along a fence, trellis, or wire. Dicot Perennial Vine Herb. Achillea millefolium 'Red Beauty' (Red Beauty Yarrow). Once important cut flowers, prized for their aroma and range of colours, sweet peas benefit substantially from anti-ethylene pretreatments. Sweet peas have been cultivated since the 17th century and a vast number of cultivars are commercially available. Dastur, D.K. 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